Scouting started in 1907, when an instruction book
for the training of soldiers in the British army, written by Lieutenant
General Robert Stephenson Smith Baden Powell, came into the hands of the
British youth. After returning to
Initially Scouting for Boys was released in six
episodes, intended as a game plan for existing youth associations. Not the
youth associations, but youngsters themselves started to work with the
articles of B.P. It appeared that the youngsters spontaneously formed patrols
on their own, without any aid of adults. Baden Powell then decided to lead
the movement by himself and so this way Scouting started, an association which
developed into the largest youth association in the world, initially intended
only for boys of 12 till 17 years.
Scouting came to Holland
Scoutmaster Bernhard Blythe of 16th Oxfordgroup
had taken the idea to make an excursion in the summer holiday to the main land
by bicycle, together with a number of boys. To plan his trip he contacted
"Jongelingen Matrozenkorps Jong Nederland” in Rotterdam and journalist Gos
de Voogt in Amsterdam. On Thursday August 4th he arrived in
Rotterdam with six boys, chosen as the best by skill tests. Here they were
welcomed by the members of the Matrozenkorps, who would grant hospitality to
the patrol. After several guided tours in Rotterdam and visits to The Hague and
Scheveningen the scouts left on Monday the 8th of Augusts to
Amsterdam, where they were welcomed by Gos de Voogt who had ensured their
lodging. After a stay of two days in Amsterdam the British Scouts continued
their hiking tour through the Netherlands and Belgium. Finaly they left the
European mainland on August 17th from Rotterdam to go back to
The visit of the English Scouts was the signal to start
scouts troops in several towns in Holland. As coordinating organisation the
“Nederlandsche Padvinders Organisatie“ (NPO) was established on the 5th
After a lot of discussions between NPO and NPB, which
went rather difficult, the ”Vereeniging De Nederlandsche
Padvinders” (NPV) was founded on December 11th 1915 as the
coordinating organisation for all Dutch Scouts.
The girls also wanted to play the game of Scouting.
Soon Girlscouts, Padverkensters, Meisjesgezellen etc. appeared in several
towns. In 1912, there was an initiative to start a national organisation in
The Hague, the “Eerste Nederlandsche Meisjesgezellen Vereeniging“ (ENMGV),
but it didn't succeed. In some cities, such as Amsterdam and Amersfoort, the
girls were associated with the NPO. At the NPB girl groups weren't accepted.
When in 1915 the NPV came about the girls were again casted aside, because
the NPV also didn't accept girl troops.
Some local associations, f.i. Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Leiden, got
together and set up the “Nederlandsch Meisjesgilde“ (NMG) (Dutch Girl Guild) on January 31,
1916. The ENMGV didn't join the NMG and remained independent for some time.
In 1933, the name was changed in “Nederlandsch Padvindsters Gilde“ (NPG) (Dutch Girl Scout Guild).
Following the Cub Scouts in United Kingdom, the first
Cub Scout groups started in
On the general Laeders conference of October 30th
1920 the Cubs were officially recognised.
Shortly afterwards a third age group was formed, for
boys from 17 till 21years, the rover scouts. The denomination of the three
components together became a group, that of the cubs a pack, of the scouts a
troop and of the rover scouts a tribe.
Also at the girl scouts
movement new age groups started; the brownies from 7 till 10 years and
pioneers from 17 till 21 years. The game of the brownies took place in the
world of Tommie and Betty and the wise brown owl,
written by Julia Horatia Ewing.
In 1930 the catholic scout groups united themselves
to a catholic association, the “Katholieke Verkenners” (KV), which first was
a part of the NPV. In 1938 it became an independent association.
The camp, on which several foreign groups participated,
was officially opened by HRH Prince Hendrik on the 3rd of August. The
sea scouts had situated their camp at the Kagerplassen. This camp was also
intended to be a test camp for a
On Thursday the 11th of August Baden Powell
visited the camp.
In that same year the “Pavindersvereniging Nederland”
(PVN) (Dutch Scout movement)
branched off from the NPV for organizational reasons. In order to be able to
participate in the Jamboree of 1937 the PNV joined the NPV again.
in 1937, was organised in the Netherlands. More than 28000 scouts from
54 countries took part in this camp, which was located on the estate „Huis te
Vogelenzang“ at Vogelenzang (near Bloemendaal). The camp was opened by HM
Queen Wilhelmina in the presence of the founder of Scouting, Lord Robert
Baden Powell of Gilwell. This was the last Jamboree he visited.
As the “Katholieke Verkenners” became an independent
association in 1938, something had to be organised, because only one
organisation in each country could become a member of the World Organisation
of the Scouting Movement (WOSM). Therefore the “Nationale Padvindersraad”
(National Scouts Council) was installed, to represent both associations (NPV
and KV) at the world organisation.
The war period (1940 – 1945)
At first, Scouting could still play its game undisturbed,
only camping wasn't possible and outdoor activities were almost impossible.
Very soon it became clear that it was the intention to abolish all existing
youth associations and to form one national youth movement together with the
“Nationale Jeugd Storm“ (NJS) (the
national socialistic youth movement). However the “Nationale
Padvindersraad“ refused any cooperation.
On April 2nd 1941 Scouting was forbidden
by the German occupier, because in their opinion it was a hostile
organisation conducted from
Also the catholic girls wanted to play the game of
Scouting. On July 4th 1945 the “Nederlandse Gidsen Beweging” (NGB)
(Dutch Guides Movement) was formed
with brownies, guides and pioneers. Some years later the name was modified
into “Nederlandse Gidsen” (NG) (Dutch
Guides). The guides played the same game as the Girl Scouts of the NPG,
but the brownies had their own story, they played in Het
bos van avontuur (The
In 1946, the Driehoeksmeisjes (Trianglegirls) linked up with Scouting and in 1948 the scouting
groups of the Salvation Army followed. The girls joined the NPG and the boys
joined the NPV.
On the occasion of forty years of Scouting in
In 1957 the KV got a new age group, the rowans,
intended for boys from 14-15 till 17 years. Shortly afterwards the NG
followed with sherpas. In that same period the NPV experimented with senior
scouts and in the NPG the girl scouts were divided into juniors and seniors.
The fiftieth anniversary in 1960, was celebrated in Ommen
with an international leaders gathering, “Indaba“, and in Amsterdam the event
“Youth and flowers“ took place bij boy scouts and girl scouts.
After the four associations decided to cooperate more
intensly into the “Federatie Scouting Nederland“ a merger followed shortly
afterwards. On January 6th 1973 the association “Scouting
Nederland“ was founded in which all four associations merged.
The brownies of the NPG and the NG both had their own
theme, so after the merger a new theme was ceated; Bambilië.
Following Canada a new age group for boys and girls from
5 - 7 years started in 1985: the bevers (beavers). They played in De wereld van Lange Doener (The
world of Lange Doener). As more and more of the Scoutinggroups started to
play with both boys and girls, a mixed unit started in 1991 for the age from 7
till 11 years: the Estas who play in Het land van
Esta (The Land of Esta). In
In 1995 the
In that same area the European Jamboree took place
Following HM Queen Wilhelmina, who opened the first
jamboree in the
“Vrienden van Scouting”, an independent association
of former Scouts and Guides since 1973, was incorporated in the new unit
The jubilee year 2010 was celebrated with Bever-doe-dag
in the Amersfoort Zoo, a massive happening for scouts from 7 years in
museum is always interested in "old" Dutch scouting stuff.
Are you considering removing your old stuff, please contact us.